GCSE Latin: cum clauses


cum Clauses

A cum clause can be translated as a time clause (“when”), a causal clause (“since”), or a concessive clause (“although”).

cum dominus domum rediisset, cenam optimam consumpsit.

When the master had returned home, he ate an excellent meal.

These clauses can use the imperfect subjunctive or the pluperfect subjunctive.

Do not confuse this conjunction with the preposition (“with”). The latter is immediately followed by an ablative noun, and rarely starts a sentence.

  1. cum in agris laborarem, magnum clamorem audivi.
  2. miles, cum multa vulnera accepisset, mortuus est.
  3. cum epistula accepta esset, de morte filii pater cognovit.
  4. cum comites nostri in templo se celarent, cives feroces per forum ibat.
  5. imperator, cum multa vulnera accepisset, non mortuus est.