Pluperfect Subjunctive (Passive)
The pluperfect passive subjunctive is only used in a couple of subordinate clauses at GCSE: Indirect Questions and cum Clauses. It is translated using the auxillary verb had.
|cum Clause||portatus essem||I had been carried|
|Indirect Question||portatus essem||I had been carried|
The pluperfect passive sujunctive of a verb is formed by placing its past passive participle (“PPP”) before the imperfect subjunctive form of the verb sum (I am).
The participle will change its ending according to gender and number, e.g.
|cum aqua portata esset, puellae discesserunt.|
|When the water had been carried, the girls left.|
|scivi cur pueri in via visi essent.|
|I knew why the boys had been seen in the street.|