GCSE Latin: Conditional Clauses

Conditional Sentences

A conditional clause is introduced by si:

si haec facis, stultissimus es.

If you are doing these things, you are very stupid.

In Latin, a future condition uses a future tense verb, whereas English prefers the present tense.

si Romam ibis, multa et pulchra videbis.

If you go to Rome, you will see many beautiful things.

A negative condition uses nisi, translated as if not or unless.

nisi paucis horis magister redibit, pueri discedent.

If the teacher does not return in a few hours, the boys will leave.

Conditional sentences can use a mixture of tenses.

cras moriemini si heri hoc scelus fecistis.

You will die tomorrow if you committed this crime yesterday.

  1. si quaeris, invenies.
  2. si sic locutus est, non amicus meus est.
  3. nisi auxilium paucis diebus adveniet, omnes moriemur.
  4. mater non laeta erit nisi hoc factum est.
  5. nisi hostes urbem ceperunt, cives felicissimi erint.