2. Ascanius and the Kings of Alba


Latin

Ascanius and the Kings of Alba

post Aeneae mortem Ascanius, Aeneae filius, regnum accepit. quod in alium locum transtulit, urbemque condidit in monte Albano, nomenque eius Albam Longam esse nuntiavit. eum secutus est Silvius, qui post Aeneae mortem a Lavinia genitus erat. eius posteri omnes, usque ad Romam conditam, Albae regebant.

unus horum regum, Romulus Silvius, se Iove maiorem esse dicebat, et, cum tonaret, militibus imperavit ut arma percuterent, dicebatque hunc clamorem multo clariorem esse quam tonitrum. Iuppiter iratus fulmen in eum deiecit et ille incensus in Albanum lacum cecidit.

Silvius Procas, rex Albanorum, duos filios reliquit, Numitorem et Amulium. horum minor natu, Amulius, fratrem rogavit utrum regnum habere vellet an bona, quae pater reliquisset. Numitor patris bona legit; Amulius regnum habuit.

Ascanius

Latin English
a, ab (+ ablative) (also a prefix)from, away from, by
absumabesse, afuiam absent, am away, am distant from
ac, atque and
accidoaccidere, accidihappen
accipioaccipere, accepi, acceptusaccept, take in, receive
ad(+ accusative) (also a prefix)to, towards, at
adeoso much, so greatly
adsumadesse, adfuibe here, be present
advenioadvenire, adveniarrive
aedificoaedificare, aedificavi, aedificatusbuild
ageragrifield
agoagere, egi, actusdo, act, drive
alii ... aliisome ... others
aliusalia, aliudother, another, else
alteraltera, alterumthe other, another, the second of two
altusalta, altumhigh, deep
ambuloambulare, ambulaviwalk
amicusamicifriend
amoamare, amavi, amatuslove, like
amoramoris, m.love
ancillaancillae, f.slave-girl, slave-woman
animusanimispirit, soul, mind
annusanniyear
anteabefore
appropinquoappropinquare, appropinquavi (+ dative)approach, come near to
aquaaquae, f.water
armaarmorum (plural only)arms, weapons
arsartis, f.art, skill
ascendoascendere, ascendi, ascensusclimb
audaxaudacisbold, daring
audeoaudere, ausus sumdare
audioaudire, audivi, auditushear, listen to
auferoauferre, abstuli, ablatustake away, carry off, steal
auxiliumauxiliihelp
bellumbelliwar
benewell
bibobibere, bibidrink
bonusbona, bonumgood
brevisbreveshort, brief
cadocadere, cecidi, casusfall
caelumcaelisky, heaven
capiocapere, cepi, captustake, catch, capture
captivuscaptivicaptive, prisoner
caputcapitishead
castracastrorum (plural only)camp
celerceleris, celerequick, fast
celocelare, celavi, celatushide
cenacenae, f.dinner, meal
centumhundred
cetericeterae, ceterathe rest, the others
cibuscibifood
circum(+ accusative)around
civiscivis, m. or f.citizen
clamoclamare, clamavi, clamatusshout
clamorclamoris, m.shout, shouting, noise
clarusclara, clarumfamous, clear
coepicoepissebegin
cogitocogitare, cogitavi, cogitatusthink, consider
cognoscocognoscere, cognovi, cognitusget to know, find out
cogocogere, coegi, coactusforce, compel
comescomitis, m. or f.comrade, companion
conficioconficere, confeci, confectusfinish, wear out
conorconari, conatus sum (1)try
consiliumconsiliiplan, idea, advice
conspicioconspicere, conspexi, conspectuscatch sight of, notice
constituoconstituere, constitui, constitutusdecide
consulconsulis, m.consul
consumoconsumere, consumpsi, consumptuseat
contra(+ accusative)against
convenioconvenire, convenicome together, gather, meet
copiaecopiarum, f. (plural only)forces, troops
corpuscorporisbody
crastomorrow
credocredere, credidi, creditus (+ dative)believe, trust
crudeliscrudelecruel
cumwhen, since
cum(+ ablative)with
cupiocupere, cupivi, cupituswant, desire
cur?why?
curacurae, f.care, worry
currocurrere, cucurri, cursusrun
custodiocustodire, custodivi, custoditusguard
custoscustodis, m. or f.guard
de(+ ablative)from, down from, about
deadeae, f.goddess
debeodebere, debui, debitusowe, ought, should, must
decemten
defendodefendere, defendi, defensusdefend
deindethen
deleodelere, delevi, deletusdestroy
descendodescendere, descendi, descensusgo down, come down
deusdeigod
dicodicere, dixi, dictussay
diesdiei, m.day
difficilisdifficiledifficult
diligensdiligentiscareful
dirusdira, dirumdreadful
discedodiscedere, discessidepart, leave
diufor a long time
dodare, dedi, datusgive
do poenaspoenas dare, dediam punished, pay the penalty
doceodocere, docui, doctusteach
dominadominae, f.mistress
dominusdominimaster
domusdomus, f. (domi = at home)home
donumdonigift, present
dormiodormire, dormivisleep
ducoducere, duxi, ductuslead, take
dumwhile, until
duoduae, duotwo
duxducis, m.leader
e, ex (+ ablative) (also used as a prefix)from, out of, out
ecce!look!
effugioeffugere, effugiescape
egomeiI, me
egredioregredi, egressus sum (3)go out
emoemere, emi, emptusbuy
enimfor
eoire, i(v)igo
epistulaepistulae, f.letter
equusequihorse
etand
et ... etboth ... and
etiamalso, even
exercitusexercitus, m.army
exspectoexspectare, exspectavi, exspectatuswait for
facilisfacileeasy
faciofacere, feci, factusmake, do
faveofavere, favi, fautus (+ dative)favour, support
felixfelicisfortunate, happy
feminafeminae, f.woman
feroferre, tuli, latusbring, carry, bear
feroxferocisfierce, ferocious
festinofestinare, festinavihurry
fidelisfidelefaithful, loyal
filiafiliae, f.daughter
filiusfiliison
flumenfluminisriver
forteby chance
fortisfortebrave
forumforiforum, market place
fraterfratris, m.brother
frustrain vain
fugiofugere, fugirun away, flee
gaudeogaudere, gavisus sumbe pleased, rejoice
gaudiumgaudiijoy, pleasure
gensgentis, f.family, tribe, race, people
gerogerere, gessi, gestuswear (clothes), wage (war)
gladiusgladiisword
gravisgraveheavy, serious
habeohabere, habui, habitushave
habitohabitare, habitavi, habitatuslive
heriyesterday
hichaec, hocthis, he, she, it
hodietoday
homohominis, m.man, human being
horahorae, f.hour
hortorhortari, hortatus sum (1)encourage, urge
hortushortigarden
hostishostis, m.enemy
iaceoiacere, iacuilie
iacioiacere, ieci, iactus (in compounds -icio)throw
iamnow, already
ianuaianuae, f.door
ibithere
idemeadem, idemthe same
igiturtherefore, and so
illeilIa, illudthat, he, she, it
imperatorimperatoris, m.emperor, general, leader
imperiumimperiicommand, power, empire
imperoimperare, imperavi, imperatus + dativeorder, command
in(+ ablative) (also used as a prefix)in, on
in(+ accusative) (also used as a prefix)into, onto
incendoincendere, incendi, incensusburn, set on fire
infelixinfelicisunlucky, unhappy
ingensingentishuge
ingredioringredi, ingressus sum (3)enter
inimicusinimicienemy
inquithe/she says, he/she said
insulainsulae, f.island, block of flats
intellegointellegere, intellexi, intellectusunderstand, realise
inter(+ accusative)among, between
intereameanwhile
interficiointerficere, interfeci, interfectuskill
introintrare, intravi, intratusenter
invenioinvenire, inveni, inventusfind
invitoinvitare, invitavi, invitatusinvite
ipseipsa, ipsumhimself, herself, itself, themselves
irairae, f.anger
iratusirata, iratumangry
isea, idthis, that, he, she, it, them
itain this way, to such an extent, so
itaqueand so, therefore
iteritinerisjourney
iterumagain
iubeoiubere, iussi, iussusorder
iuvenisiuvenis, m.young man
laborlaboris, m.work
laborolaborare, laboraviwork
lacrimolacrimare, lacrimaviweep, cry
laetuslaeta, laetumhappy
laudolaudare, laudavi, laudatuspraise
legiolegionis, f.legion
legolegere, legi, lectusread, choose
lentuslenta, lentumslow
libenterwillingly, gladly
liberlibribook
liberiliberorum (plural only)children
liberoliberare, liberavi, liberatusset free
libertuslibertifreedman, ex-slave
locuslociplace
longuslonga, longumlong
loquorloqui, locutus sum (3)speak
luxlucis, f.light, daylight
magnusmagna, magnumbig, large, great
malomalle, maluiprefer
malusmala, malumevil, bad
maneomanere, mansiremain, stay
manusmanus, f.hand, group of people
maremarissea
maritusmaritihusband
matermatris, f.mother
maximevery greatly
mediusmedia, mediummiddle
meusmea, meummy
milesmilitis, m.soldier
millethousand
minimevery little, least, no
mirormirari, miratus sum (1)wonder at, admire
misermisera, miserummiserable, wretched, sad
mittomittere, misi, missussend
modusmodimanner, way, kind
moneomonere, monui, monituswarn, advise
monsmontis, m.mountain
moriormori, mortuus sum (3)die
morsmortis, f.death
moveomovere, movi, motusmove
moxsoon
multo(by) much
multusmulta, multummuch, many
murusmuriwall
namfor
narronarrare, narravi, narratustell, relate
nautanautae, m.sailor
navigonavigare, navigavisail
navisnavis, f.ship
ne(+ subjunctive)that ... not, so that ... not, that, lest
ne (suffix)(introduces an open question)
nec, nequeand not, nor, neither
neconecare, necavi, necatuskill
nemoneminisno one, nobody
nescionescire, nescivinot know
nihilnothing
nisiunless, except
nolonolle, noluinot want, refuse
nomennominisname
nonnot
nonne ... ?surely ... ?
nonnullinonnullae, nonnullasome, several
nosnostrumwe, us
nosternostra, nostrumour
novemnine
novusnova, novumnew
noxnoctis, f.night
nullusnulla, nullumnot any, no
numwhether
num...?surely ... not?
numquamnever
nuncnow
nuntionuntiare, nuntiavi, nuntiatusannounce
nuntiusnuntiimessenger, message, news
occidooccidere, occidi, occisuskill
octoeight
offeroofferre, obtuli, oblatusoffer
olimonce, some time ago
omnisomneall, every
opprimoopprimere, oppressi, oppressuscrush, overwhelm
oppugnooppugnare, oppugnavi, oppugnatusattack
oroorare, oravi, oratusbeg
ostendoostendere, ostendi, ostentusshow
paenealmost, nearly
paroparare, paravi, paratusprepare
parspartis, f.part
parvusparva, parvumsmall
paterpatris, m.father
patiorpati, passus sum (3)suffer, endure
patriapatriae, f.country, homeland
paucipaucae, paucafew, a few
paxpacis, f.peace
pecuniapecuniae, f.money
pellopellere, pepuli, pulsusdrive
per(+ accusative)through, along
pereoperire, periidie, perish
periculumpericulidanger
persuadeopersuadere, persuasi (+ dative)persuade
perterritusperterrita, perterritumterrified
pespedis, m.foot
petopetere, petivi, petitusmake for, seek, beg/ask for
poenapoenae, f.punishment
ponoponere, posui, positusput, place, put up
portaportae, f.gate
portoportare, portavi, portatuscarry
possumposse, potuican, be able
post(+ accusative)after, behind
posteaafterwards
postquamafter, when
postridieon the next day
praemiumpraemiiprize, reward, profit
primoat first
primusprima, primumfirst
princepsprincipis, m.chief, emperor
pro(+ ablative)in front of, for, in return for
procedoprocedere, processiadvance, proceed
proeliumproeliibattle
proficiscorproficisci, profectus sum (3)set out
progrediorprogredi, progressus sum (3)advance
promittopromittere, promisi, promissuspromise
prope(+ accusative)near
propter(+ accusative)on account of, because of
proximusproxima, proximumnearest, next to
puellapuellae, f.girl
puerpueriboy
pugnopugnare, pugnavifight
pulcherpulchra, pulchrumbeautiful, handsome
puniopunire, punivi, punituspunish
putoputare, putavi, putatusthink
quaeroquaerere, quaesivi, quaesitussearch for, look for, ask
qualis?qualewhat sort of?
quam(+ superlative)as...as possible
quamthan
quam!how!
quam?how?
quamquamalthough
quando?when?
quantus?quanta? quantum?how big? how much?
quattuorfour
que (suffix)and
quiquae, quodwho, which
quidamquaedam, quoddamone, a certain, some
quinquefive
quis?quid?who? what?
quo?to where?
quodbecause
quomodo?how?
quoquealso, too
quot?how many?
rapiorapere, rapui, raptusseize, grab
re-(used as a prefix)back
reddoreddere, reddidi, redditusgive back, restore
redeoredire, rediigo back, come back, return
referoreferre, rettuli, relatusbring/carry back, report, tell
reginareginae, f.queen
regnumregnikingdom
regoregere, rexi, rectusrule
regrediorregredi, regressus sum (3)go back, return
relinquorelinquere, reliqui, relictusleave, leave behind
resrei, f.thing, matter, event
resistoresistere, restiti (+ dative)resist
respondeorespondere, respondi, responsusreply
rexregis, m.king
rideoridere, risilaugh, smile
rogorogare, rogavi, rogatusask, ask for
RomaRomae, f. (Romae: at/in Rome)Rome
RomanusRomana, RomanumRoman
sacersacra, sacrumsacred
saepeoften
saevussaeva, saevumsavage, cruel
salutosalutare, salutavi, salutatusgreet
sanguissanguinis, m.blood
scelestusscelesta, scelestumwicked
scelussceleriscrime
scioscire, scivi, scitusknow
scriboscribere, scripsi, scriptuswrite
sesuihimself, herself, itself, themselves
sedbut
sedeosedere, sedisit
semperalways
senatorsenatoris, m.senator
senexsenis, m.old man
sentiosentire, sensi, sensusfeel, notice
septemseven
sequorsequi, secutus sum (3)follow
servoservare, servavi, servatussave, protect, keep
servusservislave
sexsix
siif
sicthus, in this way
silvasilvae, f.wood
simulat the same time
simulac, simulatque as soon as
sine(+ ablative)without
soleosolere, solitus sumbe accustomed
solussola, solumalone, lonely, only, on one's own
spectospectare, spectavi, spectatuslook at, watch
sperosperare, speravi, speratushope, expect
spesspei, f.hope
statimat once, immediately
stostare, stetistand
stultusstulta, stultumstupid, foolish
sub(+ accusative)under, beneath
sub(+ ablative)under, beneath
subitosuddenly
sumesse, fuibe
summussumma, summumhighest, greatest, top (of)
superosuperare, superavi, superatusovercome, overpower
surgosurgere, surrexiget up, stand up, rise
suussua, suumhis, her, its, their (own)
tabernatabernae, f.shop, inn
taceotacere, tacui, tacitusbe silent, be quiet
talistalesuch
tamso
tamenhowever
tandemat last, finally
tantustanta, tantumso great, such a great
tempestastempestatis, f.storm
templumtemplitemple
tempustemporistime
teneotenere, tenui, tentushold
terraterrae, f.ground, land, country
terreoterrere, terrui, territusfrighten
timeotimere, timuifear, be afraid
tollotollere, sustuli, sublatusraise, lift up, hold up
totso many
totustota, totumwhole
tradotradere, tradidi, traditushand over
trahotrahere, traxi, tractusdrag
trans(+ accusative) (also used as a prefix)across
trestres, triathree
trististristesad
tutuiyou (singular)
tumthen
turbaturbae, f.crowd
tuustua, tuumyour (singular), yours
ubiwhen
ubi?where?
umquamever
unde?from where?
unusuna, unumone
urbsurbis, f.city, town
ut(+ subjunctive)that, so that, in order that
ut(+ indicative)as, when
uxoruxoris, f.wife
validusvalida, validumstrong
vehementerviolently, loudly
vendovendere, vendidi, venditussell
veniovenire, veni come
verbumverbiword
vertovertere, verti, versusturn
vestervestra, vestrum your (plural), yours
viaviae, f.street, road, way
victoriavictoriae, f.victory
videovidere, vidi, visussee
videorvideri, visus sum (2)seem, appear
villavillae, f.house, country villa
vincovincere, vici, victusconquer, win, be victorious
vinumviniwine
virviriman
virtusvirtutis, f.courage, virtue
vitavitae, f.life
vivovivere, vixilive, be alive
vocovocare, vocavi, vocatuscall
volovelle, voluiwant
vosvestrumyou (plural)
voxvocis, f.voice, shout
vulnerovulnerare, vulneravi, vulneratuswound, injure
vulnusvulneriswound
vulnusvulneriswound

Exercises

NounsVerbs