GCSE Latin: Indicative Active Future

Future Tense

The future tense can be translated in the following ways:

portabo I will carry
I am going to carry

In formal English, the 1st person forms (I and we) should use shall instead of will (e.g. I shall carry), but either are acceptable translations. Avoid using shall for 2nd and 3rd person.

In Latin, knowledge of conjugations is important for the future tense. Note the two quite different ways that the 1st/2nd conjugations form their future endings compared to the 3rd/4th/5th conjugations.

Future Tense (Indicative Active)
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
singular 1st port-abo mon-ebo reg-am aud-iam cap-iam
2nd port-abis mon-ebis reg-es aud-ies cap-ies
3rd port-abit mon-ebit reg-et aud-iet cap-iet
plural 1st port-abimus mon-ebimus reg-emus aud-iemus cap-iemus
2nd port-abitis mon-ebitis reg-etis aud-ietis cap-ietis
3rd port-abunt mon-ebunt reg-ent aud-ient cap-ient