GCSE Latin: Subjunctive Active Imperfect


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Imperfect Subjunctive (Active)

The imperfect subjunctive is only used in subordinate clauses at GCSE. How it is translated depends on the type of subordinate clause in question:

Result Clause portarem I carried / was carrying
cum Clause portarem I carried / was carrying
Indirect Question portarem I carried / was carrying
Fearing Clause portarem I would / might carry
Purpose Clause portarem I would / might carry or (in order) to carry
Indirect Command portarem to carry

The imperfect subjunctive uses the present (active) infinitive as its stem, e.g. portare-, and the same personal endings as the main (i.e. indicative) imperfect tense: -m, -s, -t, -mus, -tis, -nt.

Imperfect Tense (Subjunctive Active)
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
singular 1st portare-m monere-m regere-m audire-m capere-m
2nd portare-s monere-s regere-s audire-s capere-s
3rd portare-t monere-t regere-t audire-t capere-t
plural 1st portare-mus monere-mus regere-mus audire-mus capere-mus
2nd portare-tis monere-tis regere-tis audire-tis capere-tis
3rd portare-nt monere-nt regere-nt audire-nt capere-nt