GCSE Latin: Accusative case


Explanation

The accusative case performs several functions.

Nouns in the accusative case are found in time expressions, after some prepositions and in indirect statements.

There are three other uses of the accusative at GCSE level:

Direct Object

This is the most common use of the accusative case. The object is the noun which “suffers” the action of a (transitive) verb.

e.g. pueri cibum amant.
The boys love their food.
senex nautas heri vidit.
The old man saw the sailors yesterday.

Motion Towards

Although the preposition ad is used with the accusative case for motion towards (e.g. ad villam rediit = “He returned to the villa”), the accusative case without a preposition is used for the names of towns and small islands, and the word domus “house, home.”

e.g. domum ire constituerunt.
They decided to go home.
tribus horis Romam reveniemus.
In three hours we will return to Rome.

Double Accusative

There might be two accusatives with the verb rogo “I ask:” both for the person being asked and for the thing being asked for.

e.g. matrem pecuniam rogavimus.
We asked mother for money.

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