|Formula:||signpost word + ut + imperfect subjunctive|
|Example:||tam bonus puer erat ut omnes eum laudarent.|
|The boy was so good that everyone praised him.|
There are six signpost words for result clauses:
|tantus*||so big, great|
|talis**||such, of such a kind|
|adeo||so much, to such an extent|
|ita||in such a way|
*tantus declines like bonus-a-um
**talis declines like fortis-e
A negative result uses ut + non/nemo/nullus/etc.
e.g. tam stultus puer erat ut nemo eum laudaret.
The boy was so stupid that no one praised him.
- villa tam alta erat ut caderet.
The house was so high that it fell down.
- tot milites advenerant ut castra plena essent.
So many soldiers had arrived that the camp was full.
- ita laborabamus ut omnes nos lauderent.
We worked in such a way that everyone praised us.
- copiae hostium tantae erant ut eis resistere non possemus.
The enemy forces were so great that we could not resist them.
- tot homines occisi sunt ut non iterum pugnaremus.
So many men were killed that we did not fight again.
- tam fortes puellae erant ut facile canes feroces superarentur.
The girls were so brave that the fierce dogs were easily overpowered.
- tales erant illi montes ut non eos ascendere possemus.
Those mountains were such that we could not climb them.
- adeo territi eramus ut omnes statim fugeremus.
We were so scared that we all fled immediately.
- tam validi erant ut laborare semper vellent, neque umquam dormirent.
They were so strong that they were always willing to work, and never slept.
- tanta erat eius vox ut eum omnes laudarent vellentque audire.
His voice was so great that everyone praised him and wanted to hear him.
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