GCSE Latin – Result Clauses


Result Clauses

Formula: signpost word + ut + imperfect subjunctive
Example: tam bonus puer erat ut omnes eum laudarent.
The boy was so good that everyone praised him.

There are six signpost words for result clauses:

tam so
tantus* so big, great
tot so many
talis** such, of such a kind
adeo so much, to such an extent
ita in such a way

*tantus declines like bonus-a-um

**talis declines like fortis-e

A negative result uses ut + non/nemo/nullus/etc.

e.g. tam stultus puer erat ut nemo eum laudaret.

The boy was so stupid that no one praised him.

Practice exercises

  1. villa tam alta erat ut caderet.

    The house was so high that it fell down.

  2. tot milites advenerant ut castra plena essent.

    So many soldiers had arrived that the camp was full.

  3. ita laborabamus ut omnes nos lauderent.

    We worked in such a way that everyone praised us.

  4. copiae hostium tantae erant ut eis resistere non possemus.

    The enemy forces were so great that we could not resist them.

  5. tot homines occisi sunt ut non iterum pugnaremus.

    So many men were killed that we did not fight again.

  6. tam fortes puellae erant ut facile canes feroces superarentur.

    The girls were so brave that the fierce dogs were easily overpowered.

  7. tales erant illi montes ut non eos ascendere possemus.

    Those mountains were such that we could not climb them.

  8. adeo territi eramus ut omnes statim fugeremus.

    We were so scared that we all fled immediately.

  9. tam validi erant ut laborare semper vellent, neque umquam dormirent.

    They were so strong that they were always willing to work, and never slept.

  10. tanta erat eius vox ut eum omnes laudarent vellentque audire.

    His voice was so great that everyone praised him and wanted to hear him.

Roman_Onager

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