GCSE Latin to English Defined Vocabulary List


OCR GCSE Latin (9-1): Defined Vocabulary List (451 words)

Search the table by Latin, English definition, information (e.g. principal parts of verbs) or word type (e.g. preposition)

LatinEnglishTypeInfo
a, ab from, away from, by (as prefix = away)preposition+ ablative (also used as prefix with verbs)
absumbe absent, be away, be distant fromverb irregularabesse, afui
ac, atque andconjunctionindeclinable
accidohappenverb 3accidere, accidi
accipioaccept, take in, receiveverb 5accipere, accepi, acceptus
adto, towards, atpreposition+ accusative (also used as prefix with verbs)
adeoso much, so greatly, to such an extentadverbindeclinable
adsumbe here, be presentverb irregularadesse, adfui
advenioarriveverb 4advenire, adveni
aedificobuildverb 1aedificare, aedificavi, aedificatus
agerfieldnoun 2agri, m
agodo, act, driveverb 3agere, egi, actus
alii ... aliisome ... others
aliusother, another, elsepronoun/adjectivealia, aliud
alterthe other, another, one (of two), the second (of two)pronoun/adjectivealtera, alterum
altushigh, deepadjectivealta, altum
ambulowalkverb 1ambulare, ambulavi
amicusfriendnoun 2amici, m
amolove, likeverb 1amare, amavi, amatus
amorlovenoun 3amoris, m
ancillaslave-girl, slave-womannoun 1ancillae, f
animusspirit, soul, mindnoun 2animi, m
annusyearnoun 2anni, m
anteabeforeadverbindeclinable
appropinquoapproach, come near toverb 1appropinquare, appropinquavi + dative
aquawaternoun 1aquae, f
armaarms, weaponsnoun 2 pluralarmorum, n plural
arsart, skillnoun 3artis, f
ascendoclimbverb 3ascendere, ascendi, ascensus
audaxbold, daringadjectiveaudacis
audeodareverb 2audere, ausus sum
audiohear, listen toverb 4audire, audivi, auditus
auferotake away, carry off, stealverb irregularauferre, abstuli, ablatus
auxiliumhelpnoun 2auxilii, n
bellumwarnoun 2belli, n
benewelladverbindeclinable
bibodrinkverb 3bibere, bibi
bonusgoodadjectivebona, bonum
brevisshort, briefadjectivebreve
cadofallverb 3cadere, cecidi, casus
caelumsky, heavennoun 2caeli, n
capiotake, catch, capture, make (a plan)verb 5capere, cepi, captus
captivuscaptive, prisonernoun 2captivi, m
caputheadnoun 3capitis, n
castracampnoun 2castrorum, n plural
celerquick, fastadjectiveceleris, celere
celohideverb 1celare, celavi, celatus
cenadinner, mealnoun 1cenae, f
ceterithe rest, the othersadjectiveceterae, cetera
cibusfoodnoun 2cibi, m
circumaroundpreposition+ accusative
civiscitizennoun 3civis, m and f
clamoshoutverb 1clamare, clamavi, clamatus
clamorshout, shouting, noisenoun 3clamoris, m
clarusfamous, clearadjectiveclara, clarum
coepibeganverb irregularcoepisse
cogitothink, considerverb 1cogitare, cogitavi, cogitatus
cognoscoget to know, find outverb 3cognoscere, cognovi, cognitus
cogoforce, compelverb 3cogere, coegi, coactus
comescomrade, companionnoun 3comitis, m and f
conficiofinish, wear outverb 5conficere, confeci, confectus
conortryverb 1 deponentconari, conatus sum
consiliumplan, idea, advicenoun 2consilii, n
conspiciocatch sight of, noticeverb 5conspicere, conspexi, conspectus
constituodecideverb 3constituere, constitui, constitutus
consulconsulnoun 3consulis, m
consumoeatverb 3consumere, consumpsi, consumptus
contraagainstpreposition+ accusative
conveniocome together, gather, meetverb 4convenire, conveni
copiaeforces, troopsnoun 1 pluralcopiarum, f plural
corpusbodynoun 3corporis, n
crastomorrowadverbindeclinable
credobelieve, trustverb 3credere, credidi, creditus + dative
crudeliscrueladjectivecrudele
cumwithpreposition+ ablative
cumwhen, sinceconjunctionindeclinable
cupiowant, desireverb 5cupere, cupivi, cupitus
cur?why?adverbindeclinable
curacare, worrynoun 1curae, f
currorunverb 3currere, cucurri, cursus
custodioguardverb 4custodire, custodivi, custoditus
custosguardnoun 3custodis, m and f
defrom, down from, aboutpreposition+ ablative
deagoddessnoun 1deae, f
debeoowe, ought, should, mustverb 2debere, debui, debitus
defendodefendverb 3defendere, defendi, defensus
deindethenadverbindeclinable
deleodestroyverb 2delere, delevi, deletus
descendogo down, come downverb 3descendere, descendi, descensus
deusgodnoun 2dei, m
dicosay, speak, tellverb 3dicere, dixi, dictus
diesdaynoun 5diei, m
difficilisdifficultadjectivedifficile
diligenscarefuladjectivediligentis
dirusdreadfuladjectivedira, dirum
discedodepart, leaveverb 3discedere, discessi
diufor a long timeadverbindeclinable
dogiveverb 1dare, dedi, datus
doceoteachverb 2docere, docui, doctus
dominamistressnoun 1dominae, f
dominusmasternoun 2domini, m
domushomenoun 4domus, f (domi = at home)
donumgift, presentnoun 2doni, n
dormiosleepverb 4dormire, dormivi
ducolead, takeverb 3ducere, duxi, ductus
dumwhile, untilconjunctionindeclinable
duxleadernoun 3ducis, m
e, ex from, out of, outpreposition+ ablative (also used as prefix with verbs)
ecce!look!adverbindeclinable
effugioescapeverb 5effugere, effugi
egoI, mepronounmei
egrediorgo outverb 5 deponentegredi, egressus sum
emobuyverb 3emere, emi, emptus
enimforconjunctionindeclinable
eogoverb irregularire, i(v)i
epistulaletternoun 1epistulae, f
equushorsenoun 2equi, m
etand, evenconjunctionindeclinable
et ... etboth ... andindeclinable
etiamalso, evenadverbindeclinable
exercitusarmynoun 4exercitus, m
exspectowait for, expectverb 1exspectare, exspectavi, exspectatus
faciliseasyadjectivefacile
faciomake, doverb 5facere, feci, factus
faveofavour, supportverb 2favere, favi, fautus + dative
felixfortunate, happyadjectivefelicis
feminawomannoun 1feminae, f
ferobring, carry, bearverb irregularferre, tuli, latus
feroxfierce, ferociousadjectiveferocis
festinohurryverb 1festinare, festinavi
fidelisfaithful, loyaladjectivefidele
filiadaughternoun 1filiae, f
filiussonnoun 2filii, m
flumenrivernoun 3fluminis, n
forteby chanceadverbindeclinable
fortisbraveadjectiveforte
forumforum, market placenoun 2fori, n
fraterbrothernoun 3fratris, m
frustrain vainadverbindeclinable
fugiorun away, fleeverb 5fugere, fugi
gaudeobe pleased, rejoiceverb 2gaudere, gavisus sum
gaudiumjoy, pleasurenoun 2gaudii, n
gensfamily, tribe, race, peoplenoun 3gentis, f
gerowear (clothes), wage (war)verb 3gerere, gessi, gestus
gladiusswordnoun 2gladii, m
gravisheavy, seriousadjectivegrave
habeohave, holdverb 2habere, habui, habitus
habitoliveverb 1habitare, habitavi, habitatus
heriyesterdayadverbindeclinable
hicthis, he, she, itpronounhaec, hoc
hodietodayadverbindeclinable
homoman, human beingnoun 3hominis, m
horahournoun 1horae, f
hortorencourage, urgeverb 1 deponenthortari, hortatus sum
hortusgardennoun 2horti, m
hostisenemynoun 3hostis, m
iaceolieverb 2iacere, iacui
iaciothrowverb 5iacere, ieci, iactus (in compounds -icio)
iamnow, alreadyadverbindeclinable
ianuadoornoun 1ianuae, f
ibithereadverbindeclinable
idemthe samepronouneadem, idem
igiturtherefore, and soadverbindeclinable
illethat, he, she, itpronounilIa, illud
imperatoremperor, general, leadernoun 3imperatoris, m
imperiumempire, power, commandnoun 2imperii, n
imperoorder, commandverb 1imperare, imperavi, imperatus + dative
inin, onpreposition+ ablative (also used as prefix with verbs)
ininto, ontopreposition+ accusative (also used as prefix with verbs)
incendoburn, set on fireverb 3incendere, incendi, incensus
infelixunlucky, unhappyadjectiveinfelicis
ingenshugeadjectiveingentis
ingrediorenterverb 5 deponentingredi, ingressus sum
inimicusenemynoun 2inimici, m
inquithe/she says, he/she saidverb irregular
insulaisland, block of flatsnoun 1insulae, f
intellegounderstand, realiseverb 3intellegere, intellexi, intellectus
interamong, betweenpreposition+ accusative
intereameanwhileadverbindeclinable
interficiokillverb 5interficere, interfeci, interfectus
introenterverb 1intrare, intravi, intratus
inveniofindverb 4invenire, inveni, inventus
invitoinviteverb 1invitare, invitavi, invitatus
ipsehimself, herself, itself, themselvespronounipsa, ipsum
iraangernoun 1irae, f
iratusangryadjectiveirata, iratum
isthis, that, he, she, it, thempronounea, id
itain this way, to such an extent, soadverbindeclinable
itaqueand so, thereforeadverbindeclinable
iterjourneynoun 3itineris, n
iterumagainadverbindeclinable
iubeoorderverb 2iubere, iussi, iussus
iuvenisyoung mannoun 3iuvenis, m
laborwork, toilnoun 3laboris, m
laborowork, toilverb 1laborare, laboravi
lacrimoweep, cryverb 1lacrimare, lacrimavi
laetushappyadjectivelaeta, laetum
laudopraiseverb 1laudare, laudavi, laudatus
legiolegionnoun 3legionis, f
legoread, chooseverb 3legere, legi, lectus
lentusslowadjectivelenta, lentum
libenterwillingly, gladlyadverbindeclinable
liberbooknoun 2libri, m
liberichildrennoun 2liberorum, m plural
liberoset freeverb 1liberare, liberavi, liberatus
libertusfreedman, ex-slavenoun 2liberti, m
locusplacenoun 2loci, m
longuslongadjectivelonga, longum
loquorspeak, talkverb 3 deponentloqui, locutus sum
luxlight, daylightnoun 3lucis, f
magnusbig, large, greatadjectivemagna, magnum
malopreferverb irregularmalle, malui
malusevil, badadjectivemala, malum
maneoremain, stayverb 2manere, mansi
manushand, group of peoplenoun 4manus, f
mareseanoun 3maris, n
maritushusbandnoun 2mariti, m
matermothernoun 3matris, f
maximevery greatlyadverbindeclinable
mediusmiddleadjectivemedia, medium
meusmypronounmea, meum
milessoldiernoun 3militis, m
minimevery little, least, noadverbindeclinable
mirorwonder at, admireverb 1 deponentmirari, miratus sum
misermiserable, wretched, sadadjectivemisera, miserum
mittosendverb 3mittere, misi, missus
modusmanner, way, kindnoun 2modi, m
moneowarn, adviseverb 2monere, monui, monitus
monsmountainnoun 3montis, m
moriordieverb 5 deponentmori, mortuus sum
morsdeathnoun 3mortis, f
moveomoveverb 2movere, movi, motus
moxsoonadverbindeclinable
multomuchadverbindeclinable
multusmuch, manyadjectivemulta, multum
muruswallnoun 2muri, m
namforconjunctionindeclinable
narrotell, relateverb 1narrare, narravi, narratus
nautasailornoun 1nautae, m
navigosailverb 1navigare, navigavi
navisshipnoun 3navis, f
-ne(introduces question)particleindeclinable
nethat ... not, so that ... not, that, lestconjunctionindeclinable + subjunctive
nec, nequeand not, nor, neitherconjunctionindeclinable
necokillverb 1necare, necavi, necatus
nemono one, nobodynoun irregularneminis
nescionot knowverb 4nescire, nescivi
nihilnothingnoun irregularindeclinable
nisiunless, exceptconjunctionindeclinable
nolonot want, refuseverb irregularnolle, nolui
nomennamenoun 3nominis, n
nonnotadverbindeclinable
nonne …?surely ... ?adverbindeclinable
nonnullisome, severaladjectivenonnullae, nonnulla
noswe, uspronounnostrum
nosterourpronounnostra, nostrum
novusnewadjectivenova, novum
noxnightnoun 3noctis, f
nullusnot any, noadjectivenulla, nullum
numwhetherparticleindeclinable
num ... ?surely … not? whetherparticleindeclinable
numquamneveradverbindeclinable
nuncnowadverbindeclinable
nuntioannounce, reportverb 1nuntiare, nuntiavi, nuntiatus
nuntiusmessenger, message, newsnoun 2nuntii, m
occidokillverb 3occidere, occidi, occisus
offeroofferverb irregularofferre, obtuli, oblatus
olimonce, some time agoadverbindeclinable
omnisall, everyadjectiveomne
opprimocrush, overwhelmverb 3opprimere, oppressi, oppressus
oppugnoattackverb 1oppugnare, oppugnavi, oppugnatus
orobegverb 1orare, oravi, oratus
ostendoshowverb 3ostendere, ostendi, ostentus
paenealmost, nearlyadverbindeclinable
paroprepare, provideverb 1parare, paravi, paratus
parspartnoun 3partis, f
parvussmalladjectiveparva, parvum
paterfathernoun 3patris, m
patiorsuffer, endureverb 5 deponentpati, passus sum
patriacountry, homelandnoun 1patriae, f
paucifew, a fewadjective pluralpaucae, pauca
paxpeacenoun 3pacis, f
pecuniamoneynoun 1pecuniae, f
pellodriveverb 3pellere, pepuli, pulsus
perthrough, alongpreposition+ accusative
pereodie, perishverb irregularperire, perii
periculumdangernoun 2periculi, n
persuadeopersuadeverb 2persuadere, persuasi + dative
perterritusterrifiedadjectiveperterrita, perterritum
pesfootnoun 3pedis, m
petomake for, seek, beg/ask forverb 3petere, petivi, petitus
poenapunishmentnoun 1poenae, f
poenas dopay the penalty, be punished
ponoput, place, set upverb 3ponere, posui, positus
portagatenoun 1portae, f
portocarry, bear, takeverb 1portare, portavi, portatus
possumcan, be ableverb irregularposse, potui
postafter, behindpreposition+ accusative
posteaafterwardsadverbindeclinable
postquamafter, whenconjunctionindeclinable
postridieon the next dayadverbindeclinable
praemiumprize, reward, profitnoun 2praemii, n
primoat firstadverbindeclinable
primusfirstadjectiveprima, primum
princepschief, emperornoun 3principis, m
proin front of, for, in return forpreposition+ ablative
procedoadvance, proceedverb 3procedere, processi
proeliumbattlenoun 2proelii, n
proficiscorset outverb 5 deponentproficisci, profectus sum
progredioradvanceverb 5 deponentprogredi, progressus sum
promittopromiseverb 3promittere, promisi, promissus
propenearpreposition+ accusative
propteron account of, because ofpreposition+ accusative
proximusnearest, next toadjectiveproxima, proximum
puellagirlnoun 1puellae, f
puerboynoun 2pueri, m
pugnofightverb 1pugnare, pugnavi
pulcherbeautiful, handsomeadjectivepulchra, pulchrum
puniopunishverb 4punire, punivi, punitus
putothinkverb 1putare, putavi, putatus
quaerosearch for, look for, askverb 3quaerere, quaesivi, quaesitus
qualis?what sort of?adjectivequale
quamas … as possible+ superlative adverb
quamthan, how … ? how … !adverbindeclinable
quamquamalthoughconjunctionindeclinable
quando?when?adverbindeclinable
quantus?how big? how much?adjectivequanta? quantum?
-queandconjunctionindeclinable
quiwho, whichpronounquae, quod
quidamone, a certain, somepronounquaedam, quoddam
quis?who? what?pronounquid?
quo?to where?adverbindeclinable
quodbecauseconjunctionindeclinable
quomodo?how?adverbindeclinable
quoquealso, tooconjunctionindeclinable
quot?how many?adjectiveindeclinable
rapioseize, grabverb 5rapere, rapui, raptus
re-- backprefix(prefix used with verbs)
reddogive back, restoreverb 3reddere, reddidi, redditus
redeogo back, come back, returnverb irregularredire, redii
referobring/carry back, report, tellverb irregularreferre, rettuli, relatus
reginaqueennoun 1reginae, f
regnumkingdomnoun 2regni, n
regoruleverb 3regere, rexi, rectus
regrediorgo back, returnverb 5 deponentregredi, regressus sum
relinquoleave, leave behindverb 3relinquere, reliqui, relictus
resthing, matter, eventnoun 5rei, f
resistoresistverb 3resistere, restiti + dative
respondeoreplyverb 2respondere, respondi, responsus
rexkingnoun 3regis, m
rideolaugh, smileverb 2ridere, risi
rogoask, ask forverb 1rogare, rogavi, rogatus
RomaRomenoun 1Romae, f (Romae: at/in Rome)
RomanusRomanadjectiveRomana, Romanum
sacersacredadjectivesacra, sacrum
saepeoftenadverbindeclinable
saevussavage, crueladjectivesaeva, saevum
salutogreetverb 1salutare, salutavi, salutatus
sanguisbloodnoun 3sanguinis, m
scelestuswickedadjectivescelesta, scelestum
sceluscrimenoun 3sceleris, n
scioknowverb 4scire, scivi, scitus
scribowriteverb 3scribere, scripsi, scriptus
sehimself, herself, itself, themselvespronounsui
sedbutconjunctionindeclinable
sedeositverb 2sedere, sedi
semperalwaysadverbindeclinable
senatorsenatornoun 3senatoris, m
senexold mannoun 3senis, m
sentiofeel, noticeverb 4sentire, sensi, sensus
sequorfollowverb 3 deponentsequi, secutus sum
servosave, protect, keepverb 1servare, servavi, servatus
servusslavenoun 2servi, m
siifconjunctionindeclinable
sicthus, in this wayadverbindeclinable
silvawoodnoun 1silvae, f
simulat the same timeadverbindeclinable
simulac, simulatque as soon asconjunctionindeclinable
sinewithoutpreposition+ ablative
soleobe accustomedverb 2solere, solitus sum
solusalone, lonely, only, on one's ownadjectivesola, solum
spectolook at, watchverb 1spectare, spectavi, spectatus
sperohope, expectverb 1sperare, speravi, speratus
speshopenoun 5spei, f
statimat once, immediatelyadverbindeclinable
stostandverb 1stare, steti
stultusstupid, foolishadjectivestulta, stultum
subunder, beneathpreposition+ accusative/ablative
subitosuddenlyadverbindeclinable
sumbeverb irregularesse, fui
summushighest, greatest, top (of)adjectivesumma, summum
superoovercome, overpowerverb 1superare, superavi, superatus
surgoget up, stand up, riseverb 3surgere, surrexi
suushis, her, its, their (own)pronounsua, suum
tabernashop, innnoun 1tabernae, f
taceobe silent, be quietverb 2tacere, tacui, tacitus
talissuch, of such a kindadjectivetale
tamsoadverbindeclinable
tamenhoweveradverbindeclinable
tandemat last, finallyadverbindeclinable
tantusso great, such a greatadjectivetanta, tantum
tempestasstormnoun 3tempestatis, f
templumtemplenoun 2templi, n
tempustimenoun 3temporis, n
teneoholdverb 2tenere, tenui, tentus
terraground, land, countrynoun 1terrae, f
terreofrightenverb 2terrere, terrui, territus
timeofear, be afraidverb 2timere, timui
tolloraise, lift up, hold upverb 3tollere, sustuli, sublatus
totso manyadjectiveindeclinable
totuswholeadjectivetota, totum
tradohand over, hand downverb 3tradere, tradidi, traditus
trahodragverb 3trahere, traxi, tractus
transacrosspreposition+ accusative (also used as prefix with verbs)
tristissadadjectivetriste
tuyou (singular)pronountui
tumthenadverbindeclinable
turbacrowdnoun 1turbae, f
tuusyour (singular), yourspronountua, tuum
ubiwhere? where, whenadverbindeclinable
umquameveradverbindeclinable
unde?from where?adverbindeclinable
urbscitynoun 3urbis, f
utthat, so that, in order thatconjunctionindeclinable + subjunctive
utas, whenconjunctionindeclinable + indicative
uxorwifenoun 3uxoris, f
validusstrongadjectivevalida, validum
vehementerviolently, loudlyadverbindeclinable
vendosellverb 3vendere, vendidi, venditus
veniocomeverb 4venire, veni
verbumwordnoun 2verbi, n
vertoturnverb 3vertere, verti, versus
vesteryour (plural), yourspronounvestra, vestrum
viastreet, road, waynoun 1viae, f
victoriavictorynoun 1victoriae, f
videoseeverb 2videre, vidi, visus
videorseem, appearverb 2 deponentvideri, visus sum
villahouse, country villanoun 1villae, f
vincoconquer, win, be victoriousverb 3vincere, vici, victus
vinumwinenoun 2vini, n
virmannoun 2viri, m
virtuscourage, virtuenoun 3virtutis, f
vitalifenoun 1vitae, f
vivolive, be aliveverb 3vivere, vixi
vococallverb 1vocare, vocavi, vocatus
volowant, wish, be willingverb irregularvelle, volui
vosyou (plural)pronounvestrum
voxvoice, shoutnoun 3vocis, f
vulnerowound, injureverb 1vulnerare, vulneravi, vulneratus
vulnuswoundnoun 3vulneris, n