GCSE Latin: Subjunctive Passive Pluperfect


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Pluperfect Subjunctive (Passive)

The pluperfect passive subjunctive is only used in a couple of subordinate clauses at GCSE: Indirect Questions and cum Clauses. It is translated using the auxillary verb had.

cum Clause portatus essem I had been carried
Indirect Question portatus essem I had been carried

The pluperfect passive sujunctive of a verb is formed by placing its past passive participle (“PPP”) before the imperfect subjunctive form of the verb sum (I am).

The participle will change its ending according to gender and number, e.g.

cum aqua portata esset, puellae discesserunt.
When the water had been carried, the girls left.
scivi cur pueri in via visi essent.
I knew why the boys had been seen in the street.
Pluperfect Tense (Subjunctive Passive)
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
singular 1st portatus essem monitus essem rectus essem auditus essem captus essem
2nd portatus esses monitus esses rectus esses auditus esses captus esses
3rd portatus esset monitus esset rectus esset auditus esset captus esset
plural 1st portati essemus moniti essemus recti essemus auditi essemus capti essemus
2nd portati essetis moniti essetis recti essetis auditi essetis capti essetis
3rd portati essent moniti essent recti essent auditi essent capti essent