GCSE Latin: Subjunctive Passive Imperfect


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Imperfect Subjunctive (Passive)

The imperfect passive subjunctive is only used in subordinate clauses at GCSE. How it is translated depends on the type of subordinate clause in question:

Result Clause portarer I was carried / was being carried
cum Clause portarer I was carried / was being carried
Indirect Question portarer I was carried / was being carried
Fearing Clause portarer I would / might be carried
Purpose Clause portarer I would / might be carried or (in order) to be carried
Indirect Command portarer to be carried

The imperfect passive subjunctive uses the present (active) infinitive as its stem, e.g. portare-, and the standard passive personal endings: -r, -ris, -tur, -mur, -mini, -ntur.

Imperfect Tense (Subjunctive Passive)
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
singular 1st portare-r monere-r regere-r audire-r capere-r
2nd portare-ris monere-ris regere-ris audire-ris capere-ris
3rd portare-tur monere-tur regere-tur audire-tur capere-tur
plural 1st portare-mur monere-mur regere-mur audire-mur capere-mur
2nd portare-mini monere-mini regere-mini audire-mini capere-mini
3rd portare-ntur monere-ntur regere-ntur audire-ntur capere-ntur