GCSE Latin: Indicative Passive Pluperfect


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Pluperfect Tense (Passive)

Like the pluperfect active, the pluperfect passive is translated into English using the auxillary verb had:

portatus eram I had been carried

The pluperfect passive of a verb is formed by placing its past passive participle (“PPP”) before an imperfect form of the verb sum (I am).

The participle will change its ending according to gender and number, e.g.

aqua antea portata erat.
The water had been carried before.
pueri in via visi erant.
The boys had been seen in the street.
Pluperfect Tense (Indicative Passive)
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
singular 1st portatus eram monitus eram rectus eram auditus eram captus eram
2nd portatus eras monitus eras rectus eras auditus eras captus eras
3rd portatus erat monitus erat rectus erat auditus erat captus erat
plural 1st portati eramus moniti eramus recti eramus auditi eramus capti eramus
2nd portati eratis moniti eratis recti eratis auditi eratis capti eratis
3rd portati erant moniti erant recti erant auditi erant capti erant