GCSE Latin: Indicative Passive Perfect


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Perfect Tense (Passive)

Like the perfect active, the perfect passive can refer to a completed action either in the past or present:

portatus sum I was carried
(past perfect)
or I have been carried
(present perfect)

The perfect passive of a verb is formed by placing its past passive participle (“PPP”) before a present form of the verb sum (I am).

The participle will change its ending according to gender and number, e.g.

aqua statim portata est.
The water was carried at once.
pueri in via capti sunt.
The boys were taken in the street.
Perfect Tense (Indicative Passive)
1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th
singular 1st portatus sum monitus sum rectus sum auditus sum captus sum
2nd portatus es monitus es rectus es auditus es captus es
3rd portatus est monitus est rectus est auditus est captus est
plural 1st portati sumus moniti sumus recti sumus auditi sumus capti sumus
2nd portati estis moniti estis recti estis auditi estis capti estis
3rd portati sunt moniti sunt recti sunt auditi sunt capti sunt