GCSE Latin: Positive Adjectives

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Adjectives: positive forms

1st/2nd Declension Adjectives

These adjectives decline the same as servus for masculine, puella for feminine and bellum for neuter, hence they are termed “1st and 2nd Declension” or “2-1-2” adjectives.

miser, pulcher and sacer also follow this pattern.

ceteri, nonnulli and pauci also follow this pattern, but only have plural forms.


bonus good
m. f. n.
singular nom. bon-us bon-a bon-um
acc. bon-um bon-am bon-um
gen. bon-i bon-ae bon-i
dat. bon-o bon-ae bon-o
abl. bon-o bon-a bon-o
plural nom. bon-i bon-ae bon-a
acc. bon-os bon-as bon-a
gen. bon-orum bon-arum bon-orum
dat. bon-is bon-is bon-is
abl. bon-is bon-is bon-is


miser wretched
m. f. n.
singular nom. miser miser-a miser-um
acc. miser-um miser-am miser-um
gen. miser-i miser-ae miser-i
dat. miser-o miser-ae miser-o
abl. miser-o miser-a miser-o
plural nom. miser-i miser-ae miser-a
acc. miser-os miser-as miser-a
gen. miser-orum miser-arum miser-orum
dat. miser-is miser-is miser-is
abl. miser-is miser-is miser-is


pulcher beautiful
m. f. n.
singular nom. pulcher pulchr-a pulchr-um
acc. pulchr-um pulchr-am pulchr-um
gen. pulchr-i pulchr-ae pulchr-i
dat. pulchr-o pulchr-ae pulchr-o
abl. pulchr-o pulchr-a pulchr-o
plural nom. pulchr-i pulchr-ae pulchr-a
acc. pulchr-os pulchr-as pulchr-a
gen. pulchr-orum pulchr-arum pulchr-orum
dat. pulchr-is pulchr-is pulchr-is
abl. pulchr-is pulchr-is pulchr-is

3rd Declension adjectives

These adjectives have identical forms for masculine and feminine, and so are listed with two endings, e.g. fortis-e (fortis being m/f nom. sing. and forte being the neuter).

Note that celer, celeris, celere belongs to this group despite starting with three terminations.

The masculine, feminine and neuter nom. sing. of some adjectives (e.g. audax and ingens) are the same, so these are listed alongside their genitive singular (e.g. audax, audacis), as this shows the stem used for declension.


fortis brave
m. f. (same as m.) n.
singular nom. fort-is fort-is fort-e
acc. fort-em fort-em fort-e
gen. fort-is fort-is fort-is
dat. fort-i fort-i fort-i
abl. fort-i fort-i fort-i
plural nom. fort-es fort-es fort-ia
acc. fort-es fort-es fort-ia
gen. fort-ium fort-ium fort-ium
dat. fort-ibus fort-ibus fort-ibus
abl. fort-ibus fort-ibus fort-ibus


audax bold, daring
m. f. (same as m.) n.
singular nom. audax audax audax
acc. audac-em audac-em audax
gen. audac-is audac-is audac-is
dat. audac-i audac-i audac-i
abl. audac-i audac-i audac-i
plural nom. audac-es audac-es audac-ia
acc. audac-es audac-es audac-ia
gen. audac-ium audac-ium audac-ium
dat. audac-ibus audac-ibus audac-ibus
abl. audac-ibus audac-ibus audac-ibus


ingens huge
m. f. (same as m.) n.
singular nom. ingens ingens ingens
acc. ingent-em ingent-em ingens
gen. ingent-is ingent-is ingent-is
dat. ingent-i ingent-i ingent-i
abl. ingent-i ingent-i ingent-i
plural nom. ingent-es ingent-es ingent-ia
acc. ingent-es ingent-es ingent-ia
gen. ingent-ium ingent-ium ingent-ium
dat. ingent-ibus ingent-ibus ingent-ibus
abl. ingent-ibus ingent-ibus ingent-ibus


celer quick, fast
m. f. n.
singular nom. celer celer-is celer-e
acc. celer-em celer-em celer-e
gen. celer-is celer-is celer-is
dat. celer-i celer-i celer-i
abl. celer-i celer-i celer-i
plural nom. celer-es celer-es celer-ia
acc. celer-es celer-es celer-ia
gen. celer-ium celer-ium celer-ium
dat. celer-ibus celer-ibus celer-ibus
abl. celer-ibus celer-ibus celer-ibus

Quizlet (2-1-2)

Practise with the 2-1-2 Adjectives which are on the OCR GCSE (DVL) word list.

Quizlet (3rd)

Practise with the 3rd Declension Adjectives which are on the OCR GCSE (DVL) word list.